Fire risk assessments: how often must they be done?
There are no specific time periods in law for how often fire risk assessments must be done or reviewed. The...
Both your local fire and rescue authority (FRA) and your local council Private Sector Housing Team are responsible for enforcing fire safety in your area.
Your local fire service can tell you who your FRA is. The fire service may also have information about the FRA on its website.
You can search for your local fire and rescue service on the Chief Fire Officers Association website.
The FRA gets its power for enforcing fire safety regulations from the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.
The Order gives FRAs the power to:
- inspect buildings
- make the person responsible for fire safety in your building carry out a fire risk assessment or safety improvements (through an enforcement notice)
- make the person responsible for fire safety tell the FRA about any changes to the building that may raise the risk of fire (through an alterations notice)
- force buildings (or parts of buildings) to close (through a prohibition notice)
The local council gets its powers for assessing and enforcing fire safety matters from Part 1 of the Housing Act 2004 (“the 2004 Act”) which introduced the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS).
Twenty-nine categories of potential hazard are considered of which hazard 24 is fire.
The HHSRS is the main tool for assessing fire safety risk and regulating standards in all types of residential accommodation.
The 2004 Act covers the whole building whereas the 2005 Order covers the common parts only.
The 2004 Act gives the local council the power to serve a range of notices including an improvement notice which requires the owner to fix issues that risk residents’ health and safety.
It is an offence not to comply and councils have powers to do the work themselves if it is continually ignored.
Councils can also impose fines of up to £30,000.
More information you might find useful:
- Which law covers fire safety?
- Who is responsible for carrying out a fire risk assessment?
- Fire risk assessments: how often must they be done?
- Who pays for a fire risk assessment?
- More Frequently Asked Questions on Fire safety
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